What are the causes of hearing loss?
Hearing loss stems from a range of causes, categorized into conductive or sensorineural types. Conductive hearing loss is due to blockages or damage in the outer or middle ear that impede sound transmission and can cause earwax buildup, fluid retention, infections, ruptured eardrums, otosclerosis, or tumors. On the other hand, sensorineural hearing loss results from inner ear damage or disrupted nerve pathways to the brain, often due to aging, loud noise exposure, ototoxic medications, head trauma, Meniere’s disease, or genetics. In some instances, individuals may experience a mixed hearing loss, combining conductive and sensorineural elements.